Posts

What is Bootstrap

Image
Bootstrap, or bootstrapping, is a verb that comes from the saying, "to pull oneself up by his bootstraps." The idiom implies a person is self sufficient, not requiring help from others.
Similarly, in the computing world, bootstrapping describes a process that automatically loads and executes commands.

The most fundamental form of bootstrapping is the startup process that takes place when you start up a computer.

In fact, the term "boot," as in booting up a computer, comes from the word bootstrap. When you turn on or restart a computer, it automatically loads a sequence of commands that initializes the system, checks for hardware, and loads the operating system. This process does not require any user input and is therefore considered a bootstrap process.

While bootstrapping is often associated with the system boot sequence, it can be used by individual applications as well.

For example, a program may automatically run a series of commands when opened. These commands ma…

What is Bot

Image
A Bot (short for "robot") is an automated program that runs over the Internet.  Some bots run automatically, while others only execute commands when they receive specific input. There are many different types of bots, but some common examples include web crawlers, chat room bots, and malicious bots.Web crawlers are used by search engines to scan websites on a regular basis. These bots "crawl" websites by following the links on each page. The crawler saves the contents of each page in the search index. By using complex algorithms, search engines can display the most relevant pages discovered by web crawlers for specific search queries.

Chat bots were one of the first types of automated programs to be called "bots" and became popular in the 1990s, with the rise of online chatrooms. These bots are scripts that look for certain text patterns submitted by chat room participants and respond with automated actions.For example, a chat bot might warn a user if his o…

Facebook trained AI tool facial recognition systems, and it works on live video

Image
Facebook's artificial intelligence (AI) research team has developed a tool that tricks the facial recognition system to wrongly identify a person in a video, the media reportedThe "de-identification" system, which also works in live videos, uses machine learning to change key facial features of a subject in a video, according to a report in VentureBeat on Friday.

"Face recognition can lead to loss of privacy and face replacement technology may be misused to create misleading videos," reads a paper explaining the company's approach, as cited by VentureBeat.

"Recent world events concerning advances in, and abuse of face recognition technology invoke the need to understand methods that deals with de-identification. Our contribution is the only one suitable for video, including live video, and presents quality that far surpasses the literature methods," said the paper.

The work is scheduled to be presented at the International Conference on Computer Visi…

WhatsApp’s next big update ‘Dark Mode’ is coming soon

Image
WhatsApp may finally launch the Dark Mode for its users on Android and iOS. Here are key things you need to know about the upcoming update.

WhatsApp may soon roll out the long-awaited ‘Dark Mode’ feature for its users. With Google Android 10 and Apple’ iOS 13 bringing system-wide dark mode, a number of third-party of apps have added the mode. WhatsApp could be the next big app to embrace the feature. Ahead of the official roll-out, ‘Dark Mode’ has been spotted in WhatsApp’s recent beta versions. Here are key things you need to know about the upcoming update to WhatsApp.It’s called Dark ThemeWhatsApp is calling the ‘Dark Mode’ feature as a new ‘Dark Theme’ which will exist alongside Light Theme. The ‘Dark Theme’ converts the app colour scheme to “blue night” colours. There’s also a “system default” option which will help the app automatically recognise the default setting of the phone to change the theme. The ‘Dark Theme’ name, however, is in line with the Android 10 and iOS 13 branding…

Batch File

Image
A Batch file is a script file in DOS, OS/2 and Microsoft Windows. It consists of a series of commands to be executed by the command-line interpreter, stored in a plain text file.

A batch file may contain any command the interpreter accepts interactively and use constructs that enable conditional branching and looping within the batch file, such as IF, FOR, and GOTO labels.

The term "batch" is from batch processing, meaning "non-interactive execution", though a batch file may not process a batch of multiple data.

For example, some programs may include a batch file that executes a number of commands as the program starts up.

A user can also create a custom batch file to automate tedious processes such as copying multiple directories or renaming several files at once.

Batch files are run by the COMMAND.COM program, which is part of DOS and Windows. Therefore, batch files can only be run within the Windows operating system.

Macintosh and Unix have other scripting tools, suc…

Microsoft brings Google Assistant support to the Xbox One

Image
Microsoft is enabling Google’s Assistant to work with its Xbox One console.

Much like the existing Alexa integration, Microsoft is allowing Google Assistant to launch games and apps, turn the console on and off, pause videos, and much more. You’ll need to use the Google Assistant app for iOS or Android or a device like Google’s Home with Assistant on it to control an Xbox One. Google Assistant won’t run on the Xbox One itself; instead, it will receive commands from other devices running Assistant.You’ll also need to join a Google Group to Microsoft is rolling this out as a public beta initially over the coming weeks, and the company has a full FAQ and setup instructions on Reddit.get access to the Google Assistant support for Xbox One, and then it can be activated through the Google Home app for iOS or Android by setting up a new device and looking for “[beta] Xbox” in the listXbox owners will be able to give their console a name within Google Assistant, allowing commands like “Hey Goo…

More Hidden App Malware Found on Google Play with over 2.1 Million Downloads

Image
Android apps that unethically serve adware and malware are on the rise. 



A new report from Symantec sheds light on a whole set of new apps that are serving malware and adware to earn revenues in an illegal manner. The company said These apps, 25 of them in total, have been downloaded almost 2.1 million times from Google Play Store. All of these malicious apps are claimed to have been removed, after Symantec reported them to Google.These 25 apps disguised themselves as photo utility or fashion apps to trigger downloads. They were published under 22 different developer accounts, but shared similar code structure and app content. Symantec suggests that these apps may have been developed by the same organisational group, or at least using the same source code base.Once you install these malware apps, the app icon is visible on the device, but it soon disappears after a code is executed remotely.Then full-screen ads start showing up on your phone at sporadic intervals, interrupting the user…

The Top Android 10 features you should know

Image
Android 10 is here! With this release, we focused on making your everyday life easier with features powered by on-device machine learning, as well as supporting new technologies like Foldables and 5G. 

At the same time, with almost 50 changes related to privacy and security, Android 10 gives you greater protection, transparency, and control over your data.

Here are the 10 things you should know, centered on innovation, security and privacy and digital wellbeing:

1.Dark Theme

Announced at I/O 2019, Android 10 brings system-wide Dark Theme, which essentially will help in reducing eye strain as well as save battery life.

Users will be able to activate system-wide dark theme from Settings > Display, the new Quick Settings tile, or by turning on Battery Saver.

Apart from changing the system UI to dark, supporting apps will also show their new dark theme.

2.Enhanced Privacy Controls

In terms of privacy, Android 10 brings a brand new Privacy section within Settings, and this section includes…

Xiaomi Mi A3 launches in India with starting price of Rs 12,999.

Image
Third Android powered Xiaomi Device is on sale August 23rd 2019  Highlights: 1)  The Xiaomi Mi A3 is the second phone in India with Snapdragon 665 processor.2)Xiaomi Mi A3 comes in two configurations. The base model of the Mi A3 includes 4GB RAM and 64GB of internal storage. This model is priced at Rs 12,999. The second model of the phone comes with 6GB RAM and 128GB of internal storage. This model of the phone comes for Rs 15,999. 3) It comes with 3 different colors. They are White, Blue and Grey. Specifications:1) Xiaomi A3 is a Upgraded Version of Mi A2.2)Processor :-The device is powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 665 processor.3) This device has a better Camera and hardware compared to MiA2. The phone is also alot better in terms of  performance. 4) Storage:- It comes in two variants 4GB-64 GB and 6GB-128GB. The storage can also be expanded upto 256GB5) Camera:- The phone includes 48MP primary camera + 8MP ultra-wide lens + 2MP portrait camera on the back. It also has a AI face unlo…

Jio and Microsoft to Partner for Cloud Solutions in India

Image
Reliance Industries (RIL) on Monday announced partnership of its subsidiary Reliance Jio Infocomm with Microsoft in the technology space, including creation on cloud solutions. As per the partnership, Jio will leverage the Microsoft Azure cloud platform to develop innovative cloud solutions focused on the needs of Indian businesses.

Jio will also set up data centres in locations across India, consisting of next-generation compute, storage and networking capabilities, and Microsoft will deploy its Azure platform in these data centres to support Jio's offerings.

"The initial two data centres, which can house IT equipment consuming up to 7.5 MW of power, are being set up in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. These are targeted to be fully operational in calendar year 2020," a statement said.

"Jio's connectivity infrastructure that aims to connect everyone, everything, everywhere will promote the adoption of the Microsoft Azure cloud platform within its growing ecos…

Huawei announces HarmonyOS, an open-source platform for every device

Image
Huawei kicked off its annual developer conference today, and it’s just announced HarmonyOS.

The new, open-source platform is ostensibly the final name for its Hongmeng OS.HarmonyOS is “the first microkernel-based distributed OS for all scenarios,” consumer group CEO Richard Yu told attendees at the Huawei Developer Conference.

The new platform supports smartphones, smart speakers, computers, smartwatches, wireless earbuds, cars, and tablets.In fact, Richard Yu says the platform supports RAM sizes ranging from kilobytes to gigabytes.Interestingly enough, Huawei says HarmonyOS won’t support root access.The Huawei CEO also noted that the platform will eventually support a range of apps, specifically noting that HTML5, Linux, and, crucially, Android apps will be compatible.“They will all be able to run on our OS in the future,” Yu says. Yu added that the ARK Compiler used in HarmonyOS app development will also support Kotlin, Java, Javascript, C, and C++.“HarmonyOS 1.0 will be first adopted…

Blacklist

Image
Blacklist is list of items, such as usernames or IP addresses, that are denied access to a certain system or protocol. 
When a blacklist is used for access control, all entities are allowed access, except those listed in the blacklist. The opposite of a blacklist is a whitelist, which denies access to all items, except those included in the list.Blacklists have several applications in computing:

1) Web servers often include a blacklist that denies access from specific IP addresses or ranges of IPs, for security purposes.2) Firewalls may use a blacklist to deny access to individual users, systems located in certain regions, or computers with IPs within a certain subnet mask.3) Spam filters often include blacklists that reject certain e-mail addresses and specific message content.4) Programmers may implement blacklists within programs to prevent certain objects from being modified.

Since blacklists deny access to specific entities, they are best used when a limited number of items need to…

Huawei has applied to trademark its own mobile OS as potential Android replacement

Image
Huawei has applied to trademark its own mobile operating system as it prepares for life without Android.


Codenamed ‘Hongmeng OS’, the Chinese tech giant’s software would run independently of Google's Android for the first time on a Huawei smartphone. An official name or release date is yet to be confirmed by the company.

UN data suggests it has requested trademarking in a number of locations, including Canada, South Korea and the European Union.Huawei is thought to have been working on its own OS since 2012, but efforts have been stepped up in the wake of President Trump’s move to add the company to the US trade blacklist.The decision came after the company were deemed to be a national security threat, with specific concerns over its close ties to the Chinese government.Google’s compliance with the ruling means Huawei is set to have its full Android licence revoked. Despite being open-source software, customers outside Asia would lose access to the Google services they have come to …

Apple Buys Intel Smartphone Modem Division for $1 Billion

Image
Apple has agreed to buy the majority of Intel’s smartphone modem division, the companies announced on Thursday. Intel was up more than 6% in after-hours trading. Apple stock was flat on the announcement.

2,200 Intel employees are joining Apple, according to the announcement. Apple paid $1 billion for employees, intellectual property and other equipment from Intel. The deal is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Intel, on the other hand, will retain the ability to develop modems for non-smartphone applications. This means that going forward, Intel will still be able to develop modems, including the 5G modems for devices which includes personal computers, internet-of-things devices and autonomous vehicles.

"We have long respected Apple and we're confident they provide the right environment for this talented team and these important assets moving forward.

 We're looking forward to putting our full effort into 5G where it most closely aligns with the needs of our glob…